Markets Up on Potential Peace Deal
- Fed hike was priced in, as markets rallied during Powell’s presser.
- Russia and Ukraine make progress on a 15-point plan to end their war.
- Labor markets are “extremely tight,” and inflation remains “elevated.”
“What’s an Irish seven-course meal?”
“A six-pack and a potato!”
That was one of Philosopher/Truck Driver John Ring’s favorite old jokes.
It always makes me laugh.
Though my name is Sean Ring, according to 23andme.com, I’ve got only 1.1% British-Irish blood.
I don’t think there’s any Guinness in this part of the world, but I’ll raise a glass to you on Amateur Night.
So Happy St. Patrick’s Day, whether you’re Irish or not!
It’s a fine Thursday morning here on the island.
The sun shines brightly against the mountain background… and the Fed is actually doing something constructive!
In the Fed’s case, doing nothing was not doing something.
The Fed did nothing… for years.
It stood idly by as inflation took off, the supply chain cratered, and prices rocketed.
Finally, Jay Powell and his crew lifted rates a quarter of a point. That 0.25% or 25 basis points, in bond market-speak.
A basis point is 1/100 of 1% or 0.0001. Basis points get shortened to bps (pronounced bips).
It’s easier to say, “The Fed hiked 25 bips,” instead of “The Fed hiked zero point two five percent.”
Every market has its quirky conventions.
In this edition of the Rude, I’ll talk about what the Fed’s long-anticipated move may mean across some of our favorite asset classes.
Interest rates have been on the floor since 2020.
Have a look at this graph from the Journal:
Credit: The Wall Street Journal
The era of cheap money has lasted far too long.
Companies simply don’t pay for their mistakes when they can constantly roll over their debt at no cost.
The layman simply has no idea how incentives are distorted by this cheap money.
I laid out my case against low rates here, so you can read that again if you like.
Of course, that the Fed raised only 25 bps doesn’t mean rates are back to normal: far from it!
But it’s a start.
Unfortunately, the endgame gets uglier.
The last time the Fed tried a full-throated tightening was from 2016 to 2018, and it didn’t go well.
After hikes at nine nearly consecutive meetings, the Fed got its base rate to about 2.5%. (The Fed now does a target range, so the range was 2.25%-2.75%.)
It wasn’t high by historical standards, but it was enough to trounce the stock market.
Trump and Powell lost their taste from hiking and cut the rate down to under 2%.
Then the “unknown virus of unspecified origin” hit, and the government-mandated private sector shutdown started.
It was enough for Powell to put the rate range at 0% – 0.50%.
We’ve been bottom fishing ever since.
What May Happen
Interest rates and the economy
Rates will rise, but the USG can’t handle that.
The debt burden is $30 trillion and counting.
That means every 1.00% rise in interest rates adds another $300 billion in interest payments.
The great economist Ludwig von Mises wrote in his masterful Theory of Money and Credit:
In this great conflict, the advocates of public control cannot do without inflation.
They need it in order to finance their policy of reckless spending and of lavishly subsidizing and bribing the voters.
The undesirable but inevitable consequence of inflation, the rise in prices, provides them with a welcome pretext to establish price control and thus step by step to realize their scheme of all-round planning.
The illusory profits which the inflationary falsification of economic calculation makes appear are dealt with as if they were real profits; in taxing them away under the misleading label of excess profits, parts of the capital invested are confiscated.
In spreading discontent and social unrest, inflation generates favorable conditions for the subversive propaganda of the self-styled champions of welfare and progress.
My guess – and it’s a guess – is that Powell won’t get his Volcker hat on and raise rates all the way to historically normal levels.
He’ll hit a wall again and then retreat.
But Russia did give him cover, that’s for sure.
I had some conversations with friends before the hike.
My estimate of a 25 bps hike was heavily caveated.
I said to a friend, “He may not go at all with the Russia situation.”
I’m glad Powell did hike, but it’s just a token gesture until it becomes a trend.
And then we’ll have to start worrying about the inevitable market downturn that accompanies repeated rate hikes.
But that’s for later.
Both stocks and bonds should suffer from repeated rate hikes, but that may not be the case immediately.
In fact, at the start of rate hiking cycles, stocks tend to do rather well.
As for bonds, with inflation the way it is, I don’t want any of them. Not governments, investment grade, or junk.
Here’s where it gets interesting.
Gold and silver should – should – in theory, fall because of the higher cost of carry.
That is, as rates go up, it gets more expensive to store and insure the metals, as well as losing out on the higher interest rate you’d earn on cash held in an account.
But if inflation starts to run away, gold and silver will rally. Pretty hard, I think.
Right now, however, gold sits at about $1,910.
So the former hypothesis is in play.
I can’t see base metals like copper, nickel, or aluminum continuing their ascent for too long as the Fed attempts to create a soft landing.
But that will almost certainly turn into a hard landing.
As Jared Dillian of The Daily Dirtnap says, “Stocks bottom in a V [shape]. Commodities top in a V.”
Both Bitcoin and Ethereum have recovered, or at least stabilized, recently.
But I continue to be concerned about rising interest rates and their effect on the leverage financing the crypto space.
If rates continue to rise, we can see a significant sell-off here.
Remember, in crashes, all correlations go to one.
For now, it seems the markets are comfortable with rate hikes and that the potential peace deal between Moscow and Kiev has given the markets a boost.
It’s excellent news for the Ukrainians suffering right now, and I’m happy for them.
I’m also happy Powell made the right call on rates, though, at this point, he may be just rearranging the deck chairs on the Titanic.
In the meantime, get out tonight, have a pint of Guinness, and listen to the Rocky Road to Dublin.
Until tomorrow, with or without a hangover.
All the best,
P.S. At least we know publications like The Atlantic should always be taken seriously: